Rural Poor in Eighteenth-Century Wales, The
|ISBN: 9780708316139 (0708316131)Dyddiad Cyhoeddi Mai 2000 |
Cyhoeddwr: Gwasg Prifysgol Cymru / University of Wales Press, CaerdyddFformat: Clawr Caled, 216x138 mm, 334 tudalen
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Astudiaeth gynhwysfawr o fywyd yng Nghymru wledig yn ystod y 18fed ganrif, yn cynnwys archwiliad o'r tirlun, perchenogaeth tir a thenantiaeth, tlodi ac afiechyd, ynghyd â gwerthfawrogiad o ddiwylliant, crefydd ac ofergoelion y trigolion, a'u cyfraniad at wleidyddiaeth y cyfnod.
A comprehensive study of life in rural Wales in the 18th century, comprising an exploration of the landscape, land ownership and tenancy, poverty and disease, together with an appreciation of the rich culture, religion and superstitions of the inhabitants, and their contribution to the politics of the era.
This is a pioneering study of the people who worked and lived off the land of
The opening chapter examines the landscape, land use, landownership and occupancy,
population change and social hierarchy which constituted the framework within which
country dwellers lived and worked. In the first part of the book, David Howell focuses on
the material lot of tenant farmers, small freeholders, craftsmen, the labouring poor and
paupers. He pays particular attention to both the fragility of their impoverished lives,
which arose out of inadequate income, infertile soils, unfavourable market conditions,
killer diseases, landlord oppression and a fast-rising population, and to working
relations between the different groups who eked a bare livelihood from the soil.
The second half moves on to look at the individual and social experiences of the lower
orders by looking in turn at their popular culture, their religious beliefs and
superstitions, the nature of their political involvement, the frequent resort to riot and
public disorder, the level of theft and the degree to which these people lived together
peacefully. The Rural Poor sheds new light on the often secret, unchronicled lives
of those who lived in rural Wales in the eighteenth century.
David W. Howell is Reader in History at University of Wales Swansea. His previous
books include Land and People in Nineteenth-Century Wales and Patriarchs and
Parasites: The Gentry of South-West Wales in the Eighteenth Century. He is currently
writing the centenary history of the Royal Welsh Agricultural Society.
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