Education and Social Justice - The Changing Composition of Schools and Its Implications
|ISBN: 9780708316191 (0708316190)Dyddiad Cyhoeddi Medi 2000 |
Cyhoeddwr: Gwasg Prifysgol Cymru / University of Wales Press, CaerdyddFformat: Clawr Caled, 216x138mm mm, 258 tudalen
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|Does dim Adolygiad Cwsmer i'r teitl hwn.
Gwerthfawrogiad cynhwysfawr o ansawdd addysg ym Mhrydain, yn cynnwys astudiaeth o oblygiadau pell-gyrhaeddol y newid yng nghyfansoddiad ysgolion i'r system addysgol yng nghyd-destun cyfiawnder a chyfleon cymdeithasol, wedi ei seilio ar ymchwil wreiddiol a dadansoddiad manwl.
A comprehensive appraisal of the quality of education in Britain, comprising a study of the far-reaching implications of the changing composition of schools on the educational system in the context of social justice and opportunities, based on original research and detailed analysis.
Many commentators see a crisis approaching in British education. The prevailing view seems to be that educational participation and performance in Britain have become more and more polarized in the 1990s. The apparently poor standards of attainment among British students (especially when compared to other developed countries), growing differences between the best and the worst schools and increasing stratification in terms of attendance and performance between different social groups suggest that Britain is in danger of starting the twenty-first century with an education system characterized by worsening systematic unfairness in opportunities.
Stephen Gorard, on the other hand, claims that a closer examination of the relevant data reveals a very different story. Based around original proportionate analyses of national datasets of all students in all schools in England and Wales, Education and Social Justice challenges the common picture of British education in crisis, and suggests that there is no substantial evidence of international or regional underperformance and increasing injustice.
Education and Social Justice provides a wide-ranging and original reappraisal of the issues of quality and justice in British education and comes to the conclusion that there is much to be lauded about the standard of education in Britain which is, in turn, leading to greater social justice.
Stephen Gorard is Senior Lecturer in the School of Social Sciences at Cardiff University.
Figures and Tables
List of Abbreviations
I. Introducing Alternative Accounts of the 'Crisis' in Education
'A Plague on All our Schools'
An Alternative Account
The Politician's Error and Changes Over Time
A Worked Example of Reanalysis
2. The Social Composition of Schools
Evidence for Increasing Segregation
Another View of School Allocation
The Smithfield Study in New Zealand
3. Investigating Segregation between Schools 1988-1998
Methods Used to Investigate Segregation
Segregation between Schools since 1988
The Implications of a Proportionate Analysis
What is Driving this Process?
4. School Effects and International Comparisons
Failing and Falling Standards in England and Wales?
Failure in Wales?
Problems of Assessment
The Difficulties of International Comparisons
Third International Mathematics and Science Study
What Difference does a School Make?
5. Investigating the Performance of National School Systems
Wales and England
Re-evaluating the Welsh School Effect
Results for the 1994 Local Education Authorities
Results for the 1998 Unitary Authorities
6. Differences between Groups of Schools
Best and Worst
Fee-paying and State-funded
Grant-maintained and LEA-controlled
Coeducation and Single-sex
English- and Welsh-medium
An Alternative Comparison of the Sectors
7. Investigating Differences between School Sectors
The Nature of the Intake at Welsh-medium Schools
Method for Investigating Differences between Sectors
The Relative Effectiveness of Two Types of School
The 1996 Model
The 1998 Model
8. Achievement Gaps between Groups of Students
Growing Gaps in Attainment
An Alternative Interpretation of the Gaps
Assessing the Polarization of Students
9. Investigating the Differential Attainment of Boys and Girls
Methods Used to Investigate the Gender Gap
Summary of Findings
10. Putting it All Together: Education and Social Justice
Was there a Golden Age?
Plethora of Remedies
Problems that Remain
Society is to Blame
Appendix A Further Comments on the Smithfield Study
Appendix B Comparing Three Indices of Segregation
Appendix C Examining the Paradox of Achievement Gaps
Appendix D Subject Groupings
Appendix E Alternative Versions of the Achievement Gap
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