Hafan Llyfrau Basged Man Talu Fy Nghyfrif Cymorth Cynigion Arbennig Cysylltu   English  
 
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Gwybodaeth Lyfryddol
Language and Place-Names in Wales: The Evidence of Toponymy in Cardiganshire
Iwan Wmffre
ISBN: 9780708317969 (0708317960)Dyddiad Cyhoeddi Gorffennaf 2003
Cyhoeddwr: Gwasg Prifysgol Cymru / University of Wales Press, Caerdydd
Fformat: Clawr Caled, 246x174 mm, 452 tudalen Iaith: Saesneg Ar gael Ein Pris: £60.00 
Does dim Adolygiad Cwsmer i'r teitl hwn.
 
Ysgrifennwch Adolygiad Cwsmer
Astudiaeth gynhwysfawr o ddatblygiad ffonolegol yr iaith Gymraeg, a seiliwyd ar ddadansoddiad manwl o 15,000 o enwau lleoedd Ceredigion yn dilyn ymchwil eang o ffynonellau dogfennol a gwybodaeth leol a gasglwyd ar lafar. 21 diagram a map.

A comprehensive study of the phonological development of the Welsh language, based on a detailed analysis of 15,000 Cardiganshire place-names following extensive research of documentary sources and local information collected orally. 21 diagrams and maps.
In his introduction to this book, the author gives as his aim ‘methodically to chart the development of Welsh phonology from the thirteenth century to the present time, relying to a great extent on the toponymic material I had accumulated . . . I have endeavoured to answer the where and when as well as the how and why of the phonological developments that have given rise to variation in Cardiganshire and southern Welsh . . . Another purpose of this study is as an aid to the elucidation of Welsh place-names.’

In the early chapters he describes the variety of ways the sounds of the language have been represented in linguistic and in place-name studies, discourses briefly on the dialects of Wales (particularly Cardiganshire) and the nature of the boundaries between dialects.

Most of the remainder of the work is devoted to a detailed account of the way a number of the sounds and letters of 'standard literary' Welsh - such as ‘oe’, ‘au’, long ‘a’ and the palatals - appear in the various dialects, particularly in Ceredigion, and the changes they have undergone over the years. The account is backed by reference to and frequent quotation from the 500+ items in the excellent bibliography at the end of the volume and the 15,000 items in the author's collection of Ceredigion place-names. The references and the place-names are used to help date the changes which have occurred over the centuries in the various Welsh dialects. Most Welsh dialect studies have necessarily been restricted to one small area and a limited time-span - the lifetime of the speakers providing the evidence for the researcher.

Students of place-names have usually used them as items of evidence to help them in their investigations of history or topography and have used their knowledge of language and dialect largely to clarify that history and get rid of errors in popular etymology. For Wmffre, however, place-name study is a branch of linguistics and he has used it to show that the various old forms of words preserved in place names can be used to bring forward our knowledge of the development of the Welsh language during the centuries which have followed the standardisation of written Welsh prose by the Bible translators.

The book is not an easy read, except for linguists, but it does contain a store of information about Wales and her language which is of interest to most of us. Its methodology could perhaps be used again in a similar study based on the place-names of another part of Wales.

P.A.L. Jones

It is possible to use this review for promotional purposes, but the following acknowledgement should be included: A review from www.gwales.com, with the permission of the Welsh Books Council.

Gellir defnyddio’r adolygiad hwn at bwrpas hybu, ond gofynnir i chi gynnwys y gydnabyddiaeth ganlynol: Adolygiad oddi ar www.gwales.com, trwy ganiatad Cyngor Llyfrau Cymru.
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