Cyhoeddwyd Double Agents yn wreiddiol yn 2001 gan wasg Prifysgol Pennsylvania, ac mae galw mawr am y gyfrol gan rai sy'n ymchwilio i ddiwylliant yr Oesoedd Canol. Dyma'r gyfrol gyntaf o'i bath i ystyried beirniadaeth gyfoes, yn arbennig theori ffeministaidd.
First published in 2001 by the University of Pennsylvania Press, this book is highly sought after by researchers in the field of Medieval cultural studies. Double Agents was the first book length study of women in Anglo-Saxon written culture that took on board the insights of contemporary critical theory, especially feminist theory.
Clare A. Lees is Professor of Medieval Literature at King’s College London. Gillian R. Overing is Professor of English at Wake Forest University. They share research interests in early medieval literature with particular emphases on gender, sexuality and religious studies. They have collaborated on a number of projects including Double Agents (2001) and, most recently, A Place to Believe in: Locating Medieval Landscapes (2006).
Double Agents was the first book length study of women in Anglo-Saxon written culture that took on board the insights of contemporary critical theory, especially feminist theory, in order to elucidate the complex challenges of both the absence and presence of women in the historical record. That is to say, unlike the two earlier books on women in this period (by Fell, 1984, and by Chance, 1986), this is not a book about only those women in the written record (whether we think of it as historical or literary) of Anglo-Saxon England, it also tackles the question of how the feminine is modelled, used, and metaphorised in Anglo-Saxon texts, even when women themselves are absent.
The book spans the entire Anglo-Saxon period from Aldhelm and Bede in the earliest centuries to Ælfric and the anonymous homilists and hagiographers of the later tenth and eleventh centuries; it draws on Anglo-Saxon vernacular texts as well as Latin ones, and on those works most familiar to literary scholars (such as the Exeter Book Riddles or Cædmon’s Hymn, the first so-called poem in English, or the female Lives of Saints) as well as historians (wills, charters, the cult of relics); and it deliberately reconsiders, from the perspective of gender and women’s agency, some of the key conceptual issues that studying Anglo-Saxon England presents (the relation of orality to literacy; that of poetry and sanctity to belief; the cultural significance of names, naming, and metaphors in Anglo-Saxon writing).