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Gwybodaeth Lyfryddol
Slave Wales - The Welsh and Atlantic Slavery, 1660-1850
Chris Evans
ISBN: 9780708323038 (0708323030)Dyddiad Cyhoeddi Medi 2010
Cyhoeddwr: Gwasg Prifysgol Cymru / University of Wales Press, Caerdydd
Fformat: Clawr Meddal, 216x138 mm, 160 tudalen Iaith: Saesneg Ar gael Ein Pris: £14.99 
Does dim Adolygiad Cwsmer i'r teitl hwn.
 
Ysgrifennwch Adolygiad Cwsmer
Cyfrol sy'n bwrw golwg ar gaethwasanaeth a'r Cymry rhwng 1660 a 1850. Dengys ymchwil newydd Chris Evans fod y Cymry wedi chwarae'u rhan mewn mwyngloddio copr yn Ciwba yn y bedwaredd ganrif ar bymtheg.

Slave Wales brings the most up-to-date scholarship on Atlantic slavery to bear on the Welsh experience and uncovers previously unknown episodes, such as Welsh involvement with slave-based mining in nineteenth-century Cuba.
Despite the rather misleading title, this is a fascinating and illuminating book which draws together all the ways in which the triangular trade of Atlantic slaving involved Welsh individuals and Welsh industry from first to last.

While some figures, like the buccaneering Henry Morgan and brutal governor Thomas Picton, are well known in the West Indian context, in the case of some powerful Welsh industrialists, such as Anthony Bacon of the Cyfarthfa ironworks, Thomas Williams of Parys mountain copper, and the Pennants of Penrhyn slate, we are less aware of the slaving roots of their business empires. Chris Evans makes a powerful case for the profits and demands of the slave-powered plantations being the engine which drove early Welsh industrialisation. He also shows how the specific demands of the various African rulers who supplied the slaves actually directed development of some Welsh industries, especially wool and copper.

Despite relatively weak support for abolition among the Welsh population as a whole, Chris Evans highlights some important contributions of individuals, from Maurice Morgann (the colonial administrator who in 1772 set out the first scheme for the complete eradication of slavery in the British Empire) to the wily James Stephen whose clever arguments did so much to eventually bring it about. The little known complex involvement of Welshmen in the slave-powered plantations and copper mining on Cuba, well beyond the abolition of the British slave trade, is here explored in detail.

The book is very well presented with an excellent summing up, a helpful chronological table of events and a substantial guide to further reading. It makes a valuable contribution both to historical study and popular awareness. Slave Wales is written with both clarity and passion. It weaves together its many strands to tell a gripping and tragic story whose implications reach into almost every part of our world today.

Caroline Clark

It is possible to use this review for promotional purposes, but the following acknowledgment should be included: A review from www.gwales.com, with the permission of the Welsh Books Council.

Gellir defnyddio'r adolygiad hwn at bwrpas hybu, ond gofynnir i chi gynnwys y gydnabyddiaeth ganlynol: Adolygiad oddi ar www.gwales.com, trwy ganiat‚d Cyngor Llyfrau Cymru.
Bywgraffiad Awdur:
Chris Evans teaches history at the University of Glamorgan.
Gwybodaeth Bellach:
Atlantic slavery does not loom large in the traditional telling of Welsh history. Yet Wales, like many regions of Europe, was deeply affected by the forced migration of captive Africans. Welsh commodities, like copper and brass made in Swansea, were used to purchase slaves on the African coast and some Welsh products, such as woollens from Montgomeryshire, were an important feature of plantation life in the West Indies. In turn, the profits of plantation agriculture flowed back into Wales, to be invested in new industries or to be lavished on country mansions.

This book looks at slavery in Wales between 1650 and 1850, bringing the most up-to-date scholarship on Atlantic slavery to bear on the Welsh experience. New research by Chris Evans casts light on previously unknown episodes, such as Welsh involvement with slave-based copper mining in nineteenth-century Cuba, and illuminates in new and disturbing ways familiar features of Welsh history Ė like the woollen industry Ė that have previously unsuspected Ďslave dimensionsí.

Many Welsh people turned against slavery in the late eighteenth century, but Welsh abolitionism was never a particularly powerful force. Indeed, Chris Evans demonstrates that Welsh participation in Atlantic slavery lasted well beyond the abolition of Britainís slave trade in 1807 and the ending of slavery in Britainís Caribbean empire in 1834.
Does dim Adolygiad Cwsmer, hyd yma, i'r llyfr hwn.
 
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